What Are Terpenes?

Everyone knows about THC and CBD, Indica and Sativa, but not many people know about Terpenes. Terpenes are also an extremely important component of the cannabis plant, as they are the essential oils of the plant. Basically, Terpenes give cannabis its vast range of flavours and aromas such as pine, citrus and musk.

However, terpenes are more important than this. They also play an integral role in the “Entourage Effect”. This is the idea that the effects of strains are based on a myriad of factors including THC content, its synergies with other cannabinoids such as CBD, as well as a strains terpenoid profile. 

It is because of this, that medical consumers and cannabis advocates look for the strains terpene profile before consuming because increased or decreased levels of terpenes can call for different effects on the body. 

Terpenes You Should Know

Beta-Caryophyllene and Caryophyllene Oxide

This is the most common terpene found in cannabis. It gives cannabis it’s peppery flavoured and gives cannabis its anti-fungal properties. This terpene is said to be best used for conditions such as dermatitis.

Fun fact: it’s also what drug-sniffing dogs use to identify illegal products.


This terpene gives cannabis a floral and citrus scent. Linalool is also found in Lavender.  This terpene helps patients with combatting mental illnesses such as anxiety and depression. 

Alpha- and Beta-Pinene

This terpene provides cannabis with a pine-like smell, as this terpene is most commonly found in nature’s plants. Pinene helps make you feel alert and, helps with short-term memory retention. Pinene is also used as an antiseptic.


This terpene gives cannabis a smell of musk and cloves, with notes of citrus and tropical fruit. Myrcene is an anti-inflammatory, has relaxing and sedating properties, and helps aid muscle tension, insomnia and pain. Scientists believe it could be responsible for the “couch-lock” feeling cannabis provides.  


Limonene has a lemony-citrus flavour as it is also found in lemons. This terpene helps improve mood and relieve stress, can kill breast cancer cells, treats gastro-oesophageal reflux, and it’s also known for its antibacterial properties. 

Contact MMC for access to safe & effective Medical Cannabis!

Info@medmc.ca or 1 (844) 312-5143

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